Skigard | means wooden fence in Norwegian | Norway
Skigard is a Norwegian noun that means wooden fence. It is made of split tree trunks, using simple tools. Fence making and mending was a task for early summer.
Faredag | notice day for farmhands – twice a year | Norway
In the old farming society, nature dictated the flow of the working year. And farmworkers could only leave their jobs on 2 specific days during the year.
Ljå | means scythe in Norwegian | Norway
Ljå is a Norwegian noun that means a scythe – an old agricultural cutting-tool used when mowing the grass to make hay, or when harvesting the grain crops.
Haymaking | 10 July – let the haymaking begin | Norway
10 July is the feast day of Saint Knut – Knutsok – and marks the beginning of the haymaking season – høyonna – in the old Norwegian farming calendar.
Skårfast | means stuck on a mountain ledge in Norwegian | Norway
Skårfast is a Norwegian adjective that means that a person or an animal is stuck on a steep mountain- or cliff-side shelf, and in need of being rescued.
Skjemat | means food eaten with a spoon in Norwegian | Norway
Skjemat is a Norwegian noun that means food eaten with a spoon – often before or after the main course at dinner. It could be porridge, soup, dessert, and more.
Åre | means open fire on the floor in Norwegian | Norway
Åre is a Norwegian noun that means an open fireplace, placed on the floor in the middle of a room. The smoke goes up and out through a vent in the roof – the ljore.
Myrmelk | means milk buried in a peat bog in Norwegian | Norway
Myrmelk is a Norwegian noun that means milk conserved in a container buried in a mountain peat bog, left there for herders or others to drink at a later stage.
Kløvhest | means packhorse in Norwegian | Norway
Kløvhest is a Norwegian noun that means packhorse. Well into our own time, the Norwegians used horses to help transport goods through a challenging landscape.
Bondegård | means farm in Norwegian | Norway
Bondegård is a Norwegian noun that means farm. In informal speech and in many dialects, people only use the single word gård or gard.
Vintage photos | the Norwegian farm horse #2 | Norway
This is our second video-slideshow with vintage photos of the Norwegian farm horse. Enjoy!
Skoklefallsdagen | the last day of spring | Norway
On the historical Norwegian farm, the skoklefallsday is the last day of planting in the spring. Literally, it means the day that the shafts attached to the workhorse’s harness come off.
Herder-children | roaming the mountains all alone | Norway
In olden Norway, the farm-animals were sent off to the mountains and forests all summer. With them came a herder to guard them, and a maid to turn their milk into cheese and butter.
Kipe | means a basket in Norwegian | Norway
A kipe is a tall, woven basket, often made of twigs from the birch tree. It was carried on the back, and typically used when carrying loads in a landscape full of steep fields and paths.
Vintage photos | spending Easter with the lads in 1906 | Norway
At Easter in 1906, renowned Norwegian photographer Anders Beer Wilse took this series of photos on a trip with a group of friends.
Budrått | means milk products in Norwegian | Norway
Budrått is a Norwegian noun that means the output of milk products on a farm – such as cheese and butter. The word is often associated with what was produced during the summer on the seasonal mountain or forest pasture farm – the seter.
Homestead | the first farms appeared in the Stone age | Norway
In Scandinavia, agriculture first appeared in the Stone age – around 2400 BC. The early farmers cleared their land by using simple tools and fire.
Homestead | how machinery changed the look of the farm | Norway
When the industrial revolution brought machinery to the Norwegian farms, it didn’t just change the old working methods, it also changed the layout and look of the farmland.
Predators | when the milkmaid was attacked by a bear | Norway
In 1836, milkmaid Kari Moen from the community of Sauherad in Telemark, Norway, was attacked by a bear. She almost lost her life that day.
Kantslått | means cut grass in Norwegian | Norway
Kantslått is a Norwegian noun that means (1) the grass that is cut along the edges of a field, a road, etc. or (2) the actual process of cutting this grass. Traditionally, the grass was used as animal fodder.
Heddal stave church | a divine building built by a troll | Norway
The Heddal stave church – stavkirke – is Norway’s largest remaining building of its kind. It is a woodwork masterpiece, with a history that stretches back more than 800 years.
Vintage photos | colour slides from the west coast | Norway
In this selection of beautiful hand-coloured lantern slides from around 1900, we visit the city of Bergen – and other west coast destinations. Enjoy!
Vintage photos | the Norwegian farm horse #1 | Norway
The Norwegian farm horse was a reliable and powerful companion. But by the late 1960s, they were almost all gone. Enjoy this video-collection of wonderful vintage photographs.
Hytte | the ancestral call from the mountain cabin | Norway
The traditional Norwegians are drawn to their cabins, whether it be in the mountains, in the forest, or by the sea. Some would say that they are a people obsessed.
Klippfisk | what is Norwegian klipfish? | Norway
Klippfisk – or klipfish – is fish preserved through salting and drying. Since the early 1700s, the Norwegians have been large-scale klippfisk producers and exporters.
Homestead | doing the laundry by the creek | Norway
Our foremothers were hardworking and inventive. Here you can read more about how the laundry was done on a Norwegian mountain farm in the late 1800s.
Vintage photos | the dairy cow on the old farm | Norway
In this video-collection of historical photos, we reminisce about the dairy cow on the old Norwegian farm. We recommend that you watch with the sound on. Enjoy!
Uff da! | what does the expression mean? | Norway
Uff da! is a Norwegian interjection, often used to express sympathy. For example when a child falls over: Uff da! Slo du deg? – meaning Poor you! Did you hurt yourself?
Bergen | historical city once plundered by pirates | Norway
Bergen is Norway’s second-largest city and one of the country’s oldest urban locations. The first post-viking king, Olav Kyrre, gave it market-town-status around AD 1070.
Norwegian railway history | the pioneer era 1851-1868 | Norway
With the birth of the new Norwegian national state in 1814, came big ideas. And one of them was to establish better transportation systems.
Husmann | what is a cotter and a cotter’s holding? | Norway
In the old Norwegian farming society, a husmann was a man who was allowed to build his home on a small section of a farm’s land, and pay with his labour instead of rent.
Sami people | the Coastal Sami and their homes | Sapmi
The traditional Sami houses, the goahti, were in use until well into our own time. Anders Larsen tells us how he remembers them from the coastal Sami communities in northern Norway.
Ice export | a booming business for more than a century | Norway
From the early 1800s and well into the 1900s, Norway was a significant exporter of natural ice. But how did they prevent the ice from melting?
The mountain safety code | always be prepared | Norway
The majestic Norwegian mountains can be treacherous – and they steal human lives every year. Study the Norwegian mountain code – and be prepared for your next journey.
Christmas | 24 postcards from the land of Norway
With Christmas comes the turning of the sun, and the promise of a new year. Enjoy these traditional and vintage Norwegian Christmas cards – 24 in all.
Strandsitter | is Norwegian for a beach dweller | Norway
In the coastal districts of the old Norway, a strandsitter was a beach dweller – who rented a small piece of land – but owned the house he built on it. His livelihood was usually connected to the sea.
Oslo | is the capital city of Norway
Oslo is the capital city of Norway. It was founded in AD 1048 by the Viking king Harald Hardråde. Historically, the city is also known as Christiania or Kristiania.
Queen Maud of Norway | her background and childhood years
Queen Maud of Norway was born in London in 1869, as Princess Maud of Wales. Her grandmother was none other than the formidable Queen Victoria.
History timeline | from stone age to modern era | Norway
In this post you will find a list of Norway’s 15 main historical eras – from the ice age to our modern day.
Norwegian history | the Stone age | Norway
The Stone age people were master hunters, fishers, and gatherers. The lived with the seasons and followed the prey.
Norwegian history | the Bronze age | Norway
With the Bronze age came a new and important phase in human history and development: mankind learned how to make tools and other objects from a metal they called bronze.
Norwegian history | the Iron age | Norway
In Norway, the first traces of iron date back to 400-300 BC. The country has significant iron resources, and making tools and weapons from this new metal was a significant step forward.
Norwegian history | the High middle ages | Norway
With the High middle ages came expansion and progress. But everything was about to change, in the most brutal way imaginable.
Norwegian history | the Late middle ages | Norway
After the Black Death, it took the Norwegian communities centuries to recover. And soon, the country also lost its independence.
Norwegian history | the Early modern period | Norway
In the year AD 1537, King Christian 3 of Denmark-Norway embraced the Lutheran Reformation, and the Norwegians went from being Catholics to Protestants. The king confiscated the Catholic Church’s considerable wealth, a welcomed addition to the royal coffers. Norway more or less ceased to exist as a sovereign state and became a province under Denmark.
Norwegian history | reborn as a sovereign state | Norway
17 May 1814 is regarded as the birth of the modern-day Norwegian state. But it took almost another hundred years before the Norwegians could declare complete independence.
Norwegian history | in union with Sweden | Norway
In this period, Norway was still primarily a nation of farmers, fishermen and hunters. In AD 1801, 90% of the population lived in rural areas.
Norwegian history | full independence at last | Norway
Norway’s full independence came in AD 1905, and was the culmination of a process that had lasted for several decades.
Norwegian history | prosperity, war and depression | Norway
On 18 November 1905, after a supportive referendum, the Norwegian parliament unanimously elected the Danish Prince Carl as the country’s new king.
Norwegian history | World War 2 and occupation | Norway
On 9 April 1940, German forces attacked Norway in the early hours of the morning. The Norwegian armed forces attempted to stave off the attack, but they were in no way prepared for this monumental task.
Norwegian history | the post World War 2 era | Norway
After the end of World War 2, the Norwegians all took part in lifting their country well and truly into the 20th century.
Norwegian history | transformation and neoliberalism | Norway
During the AD 1970s, both an increased female participation in the labour market, and the green movement, were causes firmly added to the agenda. There was a heightened focus on maternity leave, access to kindergarten, and maternity benefits.
Norwegian history | technology and globalisation | Norway
With a growing population and public sector, Norway pushed through significant reforms in several areas: public structure and organisation, welfare, health care, tax, policing, public services, and more.
Quiz vol. 1 | what is the name of the capital city? | Norway
Do you know the name of Norway’s capital city? Test yourself, friends, and family in this 10 multiple-choice questions quiz vol. 1. See the correct answer below each photo.
Facts | the 5 largest lakes | Norway
Norway is a land of water, with almost 1 million lakes and ponds of all sizes. Join us in exploring the 5 largest of her lakes, and some more Norway facts.
Norwegian Buhund | viking dog with an ancient history | Norway
The first Norwegian Buhund breed-standard came in 1926, based on a dog that had evolved, lived, and worked with the Norwegians since time immemorial.
Vintage photos | the region of Sogn og Fjordane | Norway
In this video-collection of historical photos, we visit the west coast of Norway and the region of Sogn og Fjordane. We recommend that you watch with the sound on. Enjoy!
Vintage photos | the spinning wheel | Norway
The spinning wheel was a lifelong companion for most women in the old Norwegian farming society. Enjoy this video-collection of wonderful vintage photographs.
Ice-fishing | 7 photos to enjoy | Norway
In the olden days, people dressed up warmly and got out onto the fjord or lake to catch their Sunday dinner. Enjoy!
The Norwegians | masters at sea | Norway
This beautiful oil painting by Johan Christian Dahl says a lot about generations of Norwegians – and the landscape and the skills they knew.
Norway | a land of water
In the spring, the Norwegian mountain-snow melts and turns into creeks, rivers and magnificent waterfalls.
Folk instruments | the birch trumpet | Norway
One of the oldest Norwegian instruments is the birch trumpet. But is it really an instrument at all – or did it originally have a completely different purpose?
Needlework | 7 photos of a beautiful bonnet | Norway
What beautiful needlework. A bonnet from the collections of Slottsfjellsmuseet – in the city of Tønsberg.
Fjords | gateways to mystery | Norway
Once upon a time in the distant past, imagine yourself sitting in a small boat, facing this mighty gateway into the bowels of the land.
Homestead | bringing home the winter hay | Norway
On the historical Norwegian farm, winter feed for the domesticated animals was a precious resource. Sometimes it was harvested and temporarily stored far away from the farm.
Food history | the difference between mead and beer | Norway
Mead and beer are both alcoholic drinks known from Norwegian history. The Norwegians call them «mjød» and «øl». But do you know the difference between the two?
Folk medicine | as used by the Norwegians | Norway
Do you have trouble sleeping? Here are some examples of how the old Norwegians used Mother Nature’s very own remedies to cure their ailments.
Moose calf saved from drowning in 1939 | Norway
Magne Løvstuen and his family adopted this moose calf after saving it from drowning in Lake Mjøsa.
Homestead | cutting marsh grass on the frozen lake | Norway
To make sure he could tide the animals over the long and cold winter, the historical Norwegian farmer utilised all available resources.
History | the sweater from Setesdal | Norway
In a cold country like Norway, warm clothing is essential. This is a refined and old version of a woollen sweater from the district of Setesdal.
Norwegian art | the mysterious boy from Setesdal | Norway
Carl Fredrik Sundt-Hansen created this fascinating oil painting in 1904. It is like a window leading into the house of history. If only we could climb through.
Ostehøvel | the Norwegian cheese slicer | Norway
There are many types of cheese slicers, but Norwegian furniture maker Thor Bjørklund invented the Norwegian version in 1925.
Homestead | how to hand-milk the cow | Norway
In 1935, Aslaug Engnæs published a guidance book on how to milk the cow.
Food history | milk from the domesticated animals | Norway
For thousands of years, milk from the domesticated animals has had a dominant position in the Norwegian diet. People used milk from the cow, the reindeer, the sheep and the goat.
Sami people | sleeping on a bed of glowing embers | Sapmi
When there were no makeshift or permanent dwellings nearby, the Sami hunters and herders sometimes slept under the open sky.
Do we show our ancestors the respect they deserve? | Norway
The modern human has a tendency to judge its forebears and their way of life solely based on the reality of our own time.
Sami people | injustice and the king’s apology | Sapmi
In 1997, His Majesty King Harald V of Norway came to the Norwegian Sami Assembly with an essential and overdue apology.
Reindeer | an ancient presence in the Norwegian mountains
When the ice melted after the last ice age, herds of reindeer followed in its wake. And with the animals came their main predator: the humans.
Vintage photos | the landscape | Norway
The Norwegian landscape is wild and beautiful. And it is a lot more than just fjords and mountains.
Wooden buildings one thousand years old | Norway
The oldest wooden buildings in Norway are almost 1000 years old – like Urnes stave church in Luster. How come these buildings do not rot away and disappear?
Homestead | memories from Langfjordbotn in Finnmark | Norway
Langfjordbotn – in Norway’s northernmost region Finnmark – was the birthplace of Oluf Røde, born in 1889.
Homestead | memories from Værøy in Lofoten | Norway
The wild ocean world of Værøy in Lofoten, Norway, was the birthplace of Mimmi Benjaminsen – born in 1894. Here are some of her childhood memories.
Homestead | making butter the old way | Norway
For the old Norwegians, making butter was simply a way of preserving the fresh summer milk – turning it into a type of food that could be stored.
Vintage photos | the people | Norway
Here is a collection of some wonderful vintage photos, showing a handful of Norwegians and their lives.
Grøt | a nation built on porridge | Norway
Some claim that porridge is the oldest hot dish in the Norwegian diet. Was it to our ancestors what bread is to the modern family of today?
Vintage photos | the artwork | Norway
A photo is a snapshot of history – and a story and a history lesson in itself.
Vintage photos | the tools and handicrafts | Norway
Old objects tell stories, silent stories about a time gone by.
Food history | the «Viking pizza» | Norway
In Norway, the pizza appeared as an exotic newcomer in the 1970s. But bread topped with foodstuffs is nothing new in Norwegian food history.
Vintage photos | the stave churches | Norway
Some of the beautiful Norwegian wooden stave churches are almost 1000 years old. Today, there are 28 of them left.
Vintage photos | the domestic animals | Norway
Watch some lovely vintage photos of mankinds’s many good friends.
Vintage photos | the folk costumes | Norway
Some vintage photos – and more to come.
Norway | on the coastal path along the Oslofjord
Whether it be on a rainy day – or a beautiful summer’s day like this one – the coastal paths take us through some pleasing stretches of Norwegian scenery.
Food history | the beginning | Norway
When humankind first appeared in the Norwegian landscape – sometime after the last ice age – the search for food was their primary motivation.
Homestead | the old farm and the need for water | Norway
The old Norwegian farm needed hundreds of litres of water every single day: for food-making, cleaning, and human and animal consumption.
Sami people | 12 vintage photos | Sapmi
Here are 12 historical photos representing the fascinating Sami culture – with deep roots in the Norwegian and Nordic landscape.
Vintage photos | the rose painted chests | Norway
The rose painted chests of Norway – a treasure that will live for centuries to come.
The old Norwegians needed no money | Norway
The old Norwegian farming society was a self-sufficient and balanced world. Coins and notes were all but an alien concept.
Homestead | finding Ole Johan Nyaas and his barn | Norway
With this old photograph in my hand I have set myself a task: how much information can I find in Norwegian online archives based on what the photo tells me?
Kjenge | wooden drinking bowl | Norway
A kjenge is a drinking bowl used in the old Norwegian farming society – usually with two handles – carved and hollowed out from one piece of wood.
The old Norway | and its last army of storytellers | Norway
The first half of the 1900s came with a momentous change to Norwegian society. The old ways of the ancient hunting and farming culture were rapidly dying.
Horse history in the land of the Vikings vol 2 | Norway
The horse no longer roams wild in the Norwegian landscape. But it still has an important place in the Norwegian psyche.
Horse history in the land of the Vikings vol 1 | Norway
The horse settled in the Scandinavian landscape after the last ice age. Let us meet this majestic animal – and follow in its footsteps.
Facts | only 3 percent is agricultural land | Norway
The most significant sections of Norwegian productive soil can be found in the counties of Trøndelag, Hedmark, Oppland and Rogaland.
Homestead | moving into the barn during summer | Norway
The first half of the 1900s was a time of enormous change in Norwegian society. It was then that a young boy experienced a peculiar family custom.
Rosemaling | a journey through rose painting history | Norway
For many, it may come as a surprise that the history of rose painting and its place in Norwegian folk art is not as old as one might think.
A Norwegian’s take on the lead-up to the Black Death | Norway
The Black Death – mother of all plagues – ravaged humankind in the mid-1300s. A Norwegian scholar takes us through the lead up to the disaster.
Homestead | the Sæterhaugen farm saga | Norway
In 1942, Hans Hyldbakk wrote the history of the local cotter’s holdings in Surnadal, Nordmøre, Norway. The book was updated in 1966.
Homestead | the Sortehaug farm saga | Norway
Skodje sogelag and Louis Giske wrote the history of the two Sortehaug farms and its inhabitants back in 1986.
The old Norwegian farm | its land and surroundings | Norway
In this post, we take a look at the layout of the Norwegian farm and its surroundings – and how the land and its resources were utilised.
Homestead | the old farm and the hour of twilight | Norway
The hour of twilight is when the daylight starts to disappear – before it is completely dark. In the old Norwegian farming society, this was a time for rest.
Homestead | the Stornæve farm saga – Trøndelag | Norway
Per O. Rød wrote the history of the Stornæve farm and its inhabitants back in 1968. Decades earlier, several children of Stornæve had emigrated to the US.
Norway and its age-old farming culture | Norway
Once you start taking an interest in the old Norwegian farming and family history, then the people of the past start coming to the fore.
The last workhorse at Sandaker farm | Norway
When I was a boy, it was the workhorse that pulled the heaviest weight in agricultural life. And this had been the reality for as long as anyone could remember.
Norway | the two Trøndelag counties have merged
As a first such an event in modern times: the Norwegian counties Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag have now merged.
Mystery | 1895: a dead man in the fjord | Norway
It was midsummer 1895. An older man was found drifting in the fjord just outside Moss, Norway – shot in the temple with a revolver. Who was he?
Stabbur | the food storehouse on the old Norwegian farm
Like all buildings on the old Norwegian farm, the stabbur had a clear purpose: it was a building designed for the storage of food.
Homestead | the ancient tradition of mountain pasture | Norway
For more than a thousand years, Norwegian farmers sent their livestock to feed in the forests and the mountains. Today, this way of life has almost disappeared.